If b is actual width of a flange, D_{t} is the thickness of the flange, `b_omega` is the breath of the web, l_{o} is the distance between the points of zero moments in a beam, the effective width of the flange, is
Bending moment values for filler joists
In compression members, the lap length of a bar should not be less tha
The value of f_{bct} in the formula ` t = sqrt((3W)/(f_(bct)) (A^2 - B_2/4))` for calculating the thickness of a Rectangular base, according to IS : 800-1982, is